Brain atrophy after immunoablation and stem cell transplantation in multiple sclerosis

Neurology. 2006 Jun 27;66(12):1935-7. doi: 10.1212/01.wnl.0000219816.44094.f8.


The authors measured brain atrophy in nine patients undergoing immunoablation and autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for multiple sclerosis. From baseline to 1 month after treatment, atrophy was 10 times faster than before treatment. A patient with non-CNS lymphoma showed comparable acute brain atrophy after analogous therapy. These observations suggest that brain atrophy after immunoablation may not be due entirely to the resolution of edema but may be related to chemotoxicity.

Publication types

  • Controlled Clinical Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Atrophy / diagnosis
  • Atrophy / etiology
  • Brain / pathology*
  • Brain Diseases / diagnosis*
  • Brain Diseases / etiology*
  • Combined Modality Therapy
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Immunosuppression Therapy / adverse effects*
  • Immunosuppressive Agents / adverse effects*
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Male
  • Multiple Sclerosis / surgery*
  • Stem Cell Transplantation / adverse effects*
  • Treatment Outcome


  • Immunosuppressive Agents