Soft drink consumption and excess weight gain in Australian school students: results from the Nepean study

Int J Obes (Lond). 2006 Jul;30(7):1091-3. doi: 10.1038/sj.ijo.0803328. Epub 2006 Mar 21.


We studied the relation between soft drink/cordial (a sweet, flavoured, concentrated syrup that is mixed with water to taste), fruit juice/drink and milk consumption in mid-childhood, and body mass index (BMI) status in early adolescence in a contemporary Australian cohort. In 1996/7, 268 children (136 males) were recruited from western Sydney at baseline (mean+/-s.d.: 7.7+/-0.6 years), and at follow-up 5 years later (13.0+/-0.2 years). Height and weight were measured at both time periods and overweight and obesity defined using the International Obesity TaskForce criteria. Beverage consumption was calculated from a 3-day food record at baseline. Median carbohydrate intake from soft drink/cordial was 10 g higher (P=0.002) per day in children who were overweight/obese at follow-up compared to those who had an acceptable BMI at both baseline and follow-up. Intakes of soft drink/cordial in mid-childhood, but not fruit juice/fruit drink and milk, were associated with excess weight gain in early adolescence.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Body Height
  • Body Mass Index
  • Body Weight
  • Carbonated Beverages / adverse effects*
  • Carbonated Beverages / statistics & numerical data
  • Child
  • Dietary Carbohydrates / administration & dosage
  • Feeding Behavior
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Milk
  • Obesity / etiology*
  • Overweight
  • Weight Gain*


  • Dietary Carbohydrates