Accurate diagnosis and effective treatment of leg ulcers reduce prevalence, care time and costs

J Wound Care. 2006 Jun;15(6):259-62. doi: 10.12968/jowc.2006.15.6.26922.


Objective: This long-term follow-up recorded the prevalence, aetiology and treatment of hard-to-heal leg and foot ulcers, and an estimated nurses' time spent providing care, for the years 1994-2005.

Method: A questionnaire was sent to all district and community nurses in the county of Blekinge, Sweden, during one week in 1994, 1998, 2004 and 2005. Calculating the costs of hard-to-heal leg and foot ulcer care was not a primary aim, but the reduction in prevalence and time spent on wound management suggested it was important to illustrate the economic consequences of these changes over time.

Results: Estimated prevalence of hard-to-heal leg and foot ulcers reduced from 0.22% in 1994 to 0.15% in 2005. Treatment time decreased from 1.7 hours per patient per week in 1994 to 1.3 hours in 2005. Annual costs of leg and foot ulcer care reduced by SEK 6.96 million in the study area from 1994 to 2005.

Conclusion: Improved wound management was demonstrated; leg and foot ulcer prevalence and treatment time were reduced. The results could be attributed to an increased interest in leg and foot ulcer care among staff, which was maintained by repeated questionnaires, continuous education, establishment of a wound healing centre in primary care and wound management recommendations from a multidisciplinary group. The improved ulcer care reduced considerably the annual costs of wound management in the area.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Bandages
  • Community Health Nursing / economics*
  • Community Health Nursing / education
  • Cost Control
  • Cost of Illness
  • Education, Nursing, Continuing
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Leg Ulcer / diagnosis*
  • Leg Ulcer / economics
  • Leg Ulcer / epidemiology
  • Leg Ulcer / nursing*
  • Male
  • Nursing Administration Research
  • Nursing Assessment
  • Nursing Staff / economics*
  • Nursing Staff / education
  • Nursing Staff / psychology
  • Population Surveillance
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic
  • Prevalence
  • Risk Factors
  • Skin Care / economics
  • Skin Care / nursing
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Sweden / epidemiology
  • Time and Motion Studies
  • Workload / economics*
  • Wound Healing