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, 96 (22), 225503

Isotope Dependence of the Lifetime of the Vibration of Oxygen in Silicon

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Isotope Dependence of the Lifetime of the Vibration of Oxygen in Silicon

K K Kohli et al. Phys Rev Lett.

Abstract

By simply changing the isotopes of the Si atoms that neighbor an oxygen Oi atom in crystalline silicon, the measured decay rate tau of the asymmetric-stretch vibration (nu3=1136 cm-1) of oxygen (Oi) in silicon changes by a factor of approximately 2.5. These data establish that nu3 decays by creating one nu1 symmetric-stretch, local-vibrational mode of the Si-Oi-Si structure. If the residual energy (nu3-nu1) is less than the maximum frequency num of the host lattice, as for 28Si-16O-28Si in natural silicon, then it is emitted as one lattice mode, and tau depends on the density of one-phonon states at nu3-nu1. If (nu3-nu1)>num, as for 16O in single-isotope 30Si silicon, two lattice modes are created in addition to nu1, increasing tau. Prediction of tau for a particular defect clearly requires a detailed knowledge of that defect.

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