Nodal structure of quasi-two-dimensional superconductors probed by a magnetic field

Phys Rev Lett. 2006 Jun 16;96(23):237001. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.96.237001. Epub 2006 Jun 12.

Abstract

We consider a quasi-two-dimensional superconductor with line nodes in the presence of an in-plane magnetic field, and compute the dependence of the specific heat C and the in-plane heat conductivity kappa on the angle between the field and the nodal direction in the vortex state. We use a variation of the microscopic Brandt-Pesch-Tewordt method that accounts for the scattering of quasiparticles off vortices, and analyze the signature of the nodes in C and kappa. At low to moderate fields the specific heat anisotropy changes sign with increasing temperature. Comparison with measurements of C and kappa in CeCoIn(5) resolves the contradiction between the two in favor of the d((x(2)-y(2)) gap.