Objective: To assess possibility of polyphenol-enriched oolong tea to reduce dietary lipid absorption in humans.
Design: Twelve healthy adult subjects, three males and nine females, aged (mean+/-s.d.) 22.0+/-1.8 years, respectively, were randomly divided into two groups. The participants were followed a double-blind placebo-controlled crossover design, including 7-day washout periods and 10-day treatment periods. During the treatment periods, subjects were given about 38 g of lipids from potato chips (19 g each within 30 min after lunch and dinner) and total 750 ml beverages (placebo- or polyphenol-enriched oolong tea) at three meals. Blood samples were collected for biochemical examination at days 8, 18, 25 and 35 of the study period. On the last 3 days of each treatment period, feces were collected to measure the excretion of lipids.
Results: Lipid excretion into feces was significantly higher in the polyphenol-enriched oolong tea period (19.3+/-12.9 g/3 day) than in the placebo period (9.4+/-7.3 g/3 day) (P < 0.01). Cholesterol excretion tended to increase in polyphenol-enriched oolong tea period (1.8+/-1.2 g/3 day) compared with that of placebo (1.2+/-0.6 g/3 day) (P = 0.056).
Conclusions: The results of this study indicated that polyphenol-enriched oolong tea could increase lipid excretion into feces when subjects took high-lipid diet.