NMR characterization of dihydrosterculic acid and its methyl ester

Lipids. 2006 Apr;41(4):393-6. doi: 10.1007/s11745-006-5110-x.


Cyclopropane FA occur in nature in the phosphoplipids of bacterial membranes, in oils containing cyclopropene FA, and in Litchi sinensis oil. Dihydrosterculic acid (2-octyl cyclopropaneoctanoic acid) and its methyl ester were selected for 1H and 13C NMR analysis as compounds representative of cyclopropane FA. The 500 MHz 1H NMR spectra acquired with CDCl3 as solvent show two individual peaks at -0.30 and 0.60 ppm for the methylene protons of the cyclopropane ring. Assignments were made with the aid of 2D correlations. In accordance with previous literature, the upfield signal is assigned to the cis proton and the downfield signal to the trans proton. This signal of the trans proton is resolved from the peak of the two methine protons of the cyclopropane ring, which is located at 0.68 ppm. The four protons attached to the two methylene carbons alpha to the cyclopropane ring also show a split signal. Two of these protons, one from each methylene moiety, display a distinct shift at 1.17 ppm, and the signal of the other two protons is observed at 1.40 ppm, within the broad methylene peak. The characteristic peaks in the 13C spectra are also assigned.

MeSH terms

  • Carbon Isotopes
  • Esters / chemistry*
  • Fatty Acids / chemistry*
  • Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy / methods*


  • Carbon Isotopes
  • Esters
  • Fatty Acids
  • dihydrosterculic acid