The present study demonstrates that desacetyllevonantradol, a synthetic cannabinoid analog, reduces cyclic AMP levels in rat striatal slices stimulated with vasoactive intestinal peptide or SKF 38393, a D1-dopamine agonist. Desacetyllevonantradol and the D2 agonist LY 171555 both inhibited D1-stimulated cyclic AMP accumulation in the striatum. Spiperone, a specific D2-dopamine antagonist, fully reversed the inhibitory effect of LY 171555 but not that of desacetyllevonantradol, indicating that this cannabinoid response is not occurring through a D2-dopaminergic mechanism. Morphine also inhibited cyclic AMP accumulation in striatal slices stimulated with either SKF 38393 or vasoactive intestinal peptide. Naloxone, an opioid antagonist, fully reversed the effect of morphine but not that of desacetyllevonantradol, indicating that cannabinoid drugs are not acting via a mechanism involving opioid receptors. The response to maximally effective concentrations of desacetyllevonantradol was not additive to that of maximally effective concentrations of either morphine or LY 171555, suggesting that dopaminergic, opioid, and cannabinoid receptors may be present on the same populations of cells.