Pseudoretinoblastoma in enucleated eyes of Asian patients

Singapore Med J. 2006 Jul;47(7):617-20.

Abstract

Introduction: Retinoblastomas of the eye are a cause of childhood blindness and have a high rate of mortality, as well as a hereditary mode of transmission. Other conditions that mimic retinoblastomas are known as pseudoretinoblastomas, and are managed differently. Although pseudoretinoblastoma and the accuracy of retinoblastoma diagnosis have been reviewed in Caucasian patients, published studies in Asian patients are lacking. The purpose of this article is to report our experience with pseudoretinoblastomas in two major ophthalmological centres in Asia.

Methods: A case series of 28 enucleations carried out for suspected retinoblastoma at the Singapore National Eye Centre and KK Women's and Children's Hospital, Singapore, between January 1991 and December 2002, is reported. All cases were subjected to a detailed history from parents, followed by external ocular examination, slit-lamp biomicroscopy and binocular indirect ophthalmoscopy. Ancillary studies, such as B-scan ultrasonography and computed tomography, were employed as necessary to confirm the diagnosis. Histology was obtained on all cases.

Results: Of the 28 cases, 25 (89 percent) were found on histological analysis to be retinoblastomas. Three (11 percent) were pseudoretinoblastomas. There were two cases of Coat's disease and a case of presumed ocular toxocariasis. These three cases were described in detail.

Conclusion: Although our sample size is small, the percentage of confirmed retinoblastomas was found to be only slightly higher than that found in western countries. Our findings are consistent with their findings that Coat's disease and presumed ocular toxocariasis are the more common causes of pseudoretinoblastoma.

MeSH terms

  • Asian People
  • Child, Preschool
  • Eye / parasitology
  • Eye Enucleation / statistics & numerical data*
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Retinal Neoplasms / surgery*
  • Retinal Vessels / abnormalities
  • Retinal Vessels / surgery
  • Retinoblastoma / surgery*
  • Telangiectasis / surgery
  • Toxocariasis / surgery