Choice and delay of reinforcement

J Exp Anal Behav. 1967 Jan;10(1):67-74. doi: 10.1901/jeab.1967.10-67.


Pigeons were trained to peck either of two response keys for food reinforcement on equated aperiodic schedules. The distribution of responding at the two keys was studied as reinforcement was delayed for various durations. The relative frequency of responding at each key was shown to match the relative immediacy of reinforcement, immediacy defined as the reciprocal of the delay of reinforcement.