Design of a health-promoting neighborhood intervention

Health Promot Pract. 2007 Jul;8(3):243-56. doi: 10.1177/1524839906289585. Epub 2006 Jun 30.

Abstract

Design and implementation of health-promoting community interventions can advance public health and community well-being; however, realization of such programs is often challenging. Even more challenging is the implementation of ecologic interventions to revitalize built urban environments. A structured intervention entitled ;Intersection Repair; was devised in Portland, Oregon, by a non-profit organization, to implement urban gathering places in the public right of way; specific steps included situation analysis, community outreach, asset mapping, design workshops, construction permitting, building workshops, and process evaluation. The community created human-scale urban landscapes with interactive art installations to encourage social interactions. Such aesthetic improvements, which included painted street murals, information kiosks, hanging gardens, water fountains, benches, and so on, were intended to strengthen social networks and social capital by providing places for residents to engage in conversation. Community engagement in neighborhood design benefits the public at multiple levels, by promoting a healthier lifestyle, over and above urban landscape improvements.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age Distribution
  • Aged
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • City Planning / organization & administration
  • Community Health Planning*
  • Community Participation*
  • Educational Status
  • Environment Design*
  • Female
  • Health Promotion / methods*
  • Health Promotion / organization & administration
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Models, Organizational
  • Oregon
  • Organizational Case Studies
  • Residence Characteristics
  • Social Facilitation
  • Social Support*
  • Socioeconomic Factors