Interactions between Purkinje neurones and Bergmann glia

Cerebellum. 2006;5(2):116-26. doi: 10.1080/14734220600724569.

Abstract

Throughout the development of the cerebellar cortex, Purkinje neurones interact closely with Bergmann glial cells, a specialized form of astrocyte. This review summarizes the intimate developmental, anatomical and functional relationships between these two cell types, with particular emphasis on recent discoveries regarding glutamate release from climbing and parallel fibres as a pathway for signalling synaptic activity to Bergmann glia.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Astrocytes / cytology*
  • Astrocytes / physiology
  • Axons / physiology
  • Axons / ultrastructure
  • Cell Communication / physiology
  • Cell Differentiation / physiology*
  • Cell Movement / physiology
  • Cerebellar Cortex / cytology
  • Cerebellar Cortex / embryology*
  • Cerebellar Cortex / growth & development*
  • Dendrites / physiology
  • Dendrites / ultrastructure
  • Glutamic Acid / physiology
  • Humans
  • Purkinje Cells / cytology*
  • Purkinje Cells / physiology
  • Synaptic Transmission / physiology

Substances

  • Glutamic Acid