Aims: To assess the effect of voriconazole on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of zolpidem.
Methods: In a randomized cross-over study with two phases, 10 healthy subjects ingested 10 mg of zolpidem with or without oral voriconazole pretreatment. The concentrations of zolpidem were measured in plasma up to 24 h and pharmacodynamic variables were monitored for 12 h.
Results: Voriconazole increased the peak plasma concentration of zolpidem by 1.23-fold [P < 0.05; 90% confidence interval (CI) 1.05, 1.45] and the area under the plasma zolpidem concentration-time curve by 1.48-fold (P < 0.001; 90% CI 1.29, 1.74). The time to peak plasma zolpidem concentration was unchanged by voriconazole but the half-life was prolonged from 3.2 to 4.1 h (P < 0.01; 95% CI on the difference 0.27, 1.45). The pharmacodynamics of zolpidem were unaffected by voriconazole.
Conclusion: Voriconazole caused a moderate increase in exposure to zolpidem in healthy young subjects but no clear pharmacodynamic changes were observed between the groups.