Involvement of HTLV-I Tax and CREB in aneuploidy: a bioinformatics approach

Retrovirology. 2006 Jul 5;3:43. doi: 10.1186/1742-4690-3-43.

Abstract

Background: Adult T-cell leukemia (ATL) is a complex and multifaceted disease associated with human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-I) infection. Tax, the viral oncoprotein, is considered a major contributor to cell cycle deregulation in HTLV-I transformed cells by either directly disrupting cellular factors (protein-protein interactions) or altering their transcription profile. Tax transactivates these cellular promoters by interacting with transcription factors such as CREB/ATF, NF-kappaB, and SRF. Therefore by examining which factors upregulate a particular set of promoters we may begin to understand how Tax orchestrates leukemia development.

Results: We observed that CTLL cells stably expressing wild-type Tax (CTLL/WT) exhibited aneuploidy as compared to a Tax clone deficient for CREB transactivation (CTLL/703). To better understand the contribution of Tax transactivation through the CREB/ATF pathway to the aneuploid phenotype, we performed microarray analysis comparing CTLL/WT to CTLL/703 cells. Promoter analysis of altered genes revealed that a subset of these genes contain CREB/ATF consensus sequences. While these genes had diverse functions, smaller subsets of genes were found to be involved in G2/M phase regulation, in particular kinetochore assembly. Furthermore, we confirmed the presence of CREB, Tax and RNA Polymerase II at the p97Vcp and Sgt1 promoters in vivo through chromatin immunoprecipitation in CTLL/WT cells.

Conclusion: These results indicate that the development of aneuploidy in Tax-expressing cells may occur in response to an alteration in the transcription profile, in addition to direct protein interactions.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aneuploidy*
  • Binding Sites
  • Chromatin Immunoprecipitation
  • Computational Biology / methods*
  • Cyclic AMP Response Element-Binding Protein / genetics*
  • Cyclic AMP Response Element-Binding Protein / metabolism
  • DNA Polymerase II / genetics
  • DNA Polymerase II / metabolism
  • Gene Expression Profiling / methods
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Gene Products, tax / biosynthesis
  • Gene Products, tax / genetics*
  • Gene Products, tax / metabolism
  • Genes, pX
  • Human T-lymphotropic virus 1 / genetics
  • Humans
  • Kinetochores / physiology
  • Leukemia, Prolymphocytic, T-Cell / genetics
  • Leukemia, Prolymphocytic, T-Cell / virology
  • Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic
  • T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic / metabolism
  • T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic / physiology*
  • Transfection

Substances

  • CREB1 protein, human
  • Cyclic AMP Response Element-Binding Protein
  • Gene Products, tax
  • DNA Polymerase II