Saccharomyces cerevisiae replication factor C. I. Purification and characterization of its ATPase activity

J Biol Chem. 1991 Nov 25;266(33):22689-97.


Saccharomyces cerevisiae replication factor C (RF-C) was purified 25,000-fold from a protease-deficient strain of yeast. RF-C is a complex of 6 subunits of 130, 86, 41, 40, 37, and 27 kDa. None of the subunits are related through proteolysis or differential phosphorylation. The assay for RF-C used as a substrate single-stranded DNA binding protein-coated singly primed single-stranded mp 18 DNA. This DNA was poorly replicated by yeast DNA polymerase delta with or without its cofactor proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA). In the presence of RF-C, however, replication of the template proceeded efficiently when both ATP and PCNA were present as well. Formation of this replication-proficient complex of DNA polymerase delta required an input of one to two molecules of PCNA per replicated DNA molecule. DNA polymerase epsilon also formed an ATP-dependent complex with PCNA and RF-C. RF-C has a DNA-dependent ATPase activity, equally active on single-stranded and primed single-stranded mp18 DNA. Addition of PCNA stimulated the ATPase of RF-C on primed but not on unprimed DNA, indicating that the increase in ATPase was due to PCNA-enhanced binding of RF-C to the primer terminus. Calf thymus PCNA also stimulated the ATPase activity of yeast RF-C and participated in holoenzyme formation with DNA polymerase delta. These results attest to the structural and functional homology between yeast and mammalian cells for these components of the replication machinery.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adenosine Triphosphatases / isolation & purification*
  • Adenosine Triphosphatases / metabolism
  • Autoantigens / metabolism
  • Chromatography, Affinity
  • Chromatography, Gel
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
  • DNA Polymerase III
  • DNA Replication*
  • DNA-Directed DNA Polymerase / metabolism*
  • Escherichia coli / genetics
  • Fungal Proteins / isolation & purification*
  • Fungal Proteins / metabolism
  • Macromolecular Substances
  • Molecular Weight
  • Nuclear Proteins / isolation & purification
  • Nuclear Proteins / metabolism
  • Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / enzymology
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / genetics*
  • Templates, Genetic


  • Autoantigens
  • Fungal Proteins
  • Macromolecular Substances
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen
  • DNA Polymerase III
  • DNA-Directed DNA Polymerase
  • Adenosine Triphosphatases