Saccharomyces cerevisiae replication factor C. II. Formation and activity of complexes with the proliferating cell nuclear antigen and with DNA polymerases delta and epsilon

J Biol Chem. 1991 Nov 25;266(33):22698-706.


Lag times in DNA synthesis by DNA polymerase delta holoenzyme were due to ATP-mediated formation of an initiation complex on the primed DNA by the polymerase with the proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and replication factor C (RF-C). Lag time analysis showed that high affinity binding of RF-C to the primer terminus required PCNA and that this complex was recognized by the polymerase. The formation of stable complexes was investigated through their isolation by Bio-Gel A-5m filtration. A stable complex of RF-C and PCNA on primed single-stranded mp18 DNA was isolated when these factors were preincubated with the DNA and with ATP, or, less efficiently with ATP gamma S. These and additional experiments suggest that ATP binding promotes the formation of a labile complex of RF-C with PCNA at the primer terminus, whereas its hydrolysis is required to form a stable complex. Subsequently, DNA polymerase delta binds to either complex in a replication competent fashion without further energy requirement. DNA polymerase epsilon did not associate stably with RF-C and PCNA onto the DNA, but its transient participation with these cofactors into a holoenzyme-like initiation complex was inferred from its kinetic properties and replication product analysis. The kinetics of the elongation phase at 30 degrees, 110 nucleotides/s by DNA polymerase delta holoenzyme and 50 nucleotides/s by DNA polymerase epsilon holoenzyme, are in agreement with in vivo rates of replication fork movement in yeast. A model for the eukaryotic replication fork involving both DNA polymerase delta and epsilon is proposed.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adenosine Triphosphatases / isolation & purification
  • Adenosine Triphosphatases / metabolism*
  • Adenosine Triphosphate / analogs & derivatives
  • Adenosine Triphosphate / metabolism
  • Autoantigens / metabolism
  • Chromatography, Gel
  • DNA Polymerase III
  • DNA Replication*
  • DNA-Directed DNA Polymerase / isolation & purification
  • DNA-Directed DNA Polymerase / metabolism*
  • Fungal Proteins / isolation & purification
  • Fungal Proteins / metabolism*
  • Kinetics
  • Models, Structural
  • Nuclear Proteins / metabolism*
  • Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen
  • Protein Binding
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / genetics
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / metabolism*


  • Autoantigens
  • Fungal Proteins
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen
  • adenosine 5'-O-(3-thiotriphosphate)
  • Adenosine Triphosphate
  • DNA Polymerase III
  • DNA-Directed DNA Polymerase
  • Adenosine Triphosphatases