Insulin resistance and atherosclerosis

J Clin Invest. 2006 Jul;116(7):1813-22. doi: 10.1172/JCI29024.


Considerable evidence supports the association between insulin resistance and vascular disease, and this has led to wide acceptance of the clustering of hyperlipidemia, glucose intolerance, hypertension, and obesity as a clinical entity, the metabolic syndrome. While insulin resistance, by promoting dyslipidemia and other metabolic abnormalities, is part of the proatherogenic milieu, it is possible that insulin resistance itself in the vascular wall does not promote atherosclerosis. Recent findings suggest that insulin resistance and atherosclerosis could represent independent and ultimately maladaptive responses to the disruption of cellular homeostasis caused by the excess delivery of fuel.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Atherosclerosis / physiopathology*
  • Atherosclerosis / therapy
  • Cell Nucleus / metabolism
  • Dyslipidemias / physiopathology
  • Endoplasmic Reticulum / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Hyperglycemia / physiopathology
  • Hypertension / physiopathology
  • Insulin Resistance*
  • Mitochondria / metabolism
  • Oxidative Stress
  • Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptors / metabolism


  • Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptors