Cellular differentiation relies on precise and controlled means of gene expression that act on several levels to ensure a flexible and defined spatio-temporal expression of a given gene product. In our aim to identify transcripts enriched during fruiting body formation of the homothallic ascomycete Aspergillus (Emericella) nidulans, the grrA gene could be identified in a negative subtraction hybridization screening procedure. It encodes a protein similar to fungal F-box proteins, which function as substrate receptors for ubiquitin ligases, and that is highly related to the Saccharomyces cerevisiae regulatory protein Grr1p. Expression studies confirmed induction of grrA transcription and expression of its gene product during cleistothecial development of A. nidulans. Functional complementation of a yeast grr1Delta mutant was achieved by overexpression of the grrA coding sequence. A grrADelta deletion mutant resembles the wild-type in hyphal growth, asexual sporulation, Hülle cell formation or development of asci-containing cleistothecia, but is unable to produce mature ascospores due to a block in meiosis as demonstrated by cytological staining of cleistothecial contents. Our results specify a particular involvement of the E3 ubiquitin ligase SCFGrrA in meiosis and sexual spore formation of an ascomyceteous fungus and shed light on the diverse functions of ubiquitin-proteasome-mediated protein degradation in eukaryotic development.