Eccentric Calf Muscle Training in Non-Athletic Patients With Achilles Tendinopathy

J Sci Med Sport. 2007 Feb;10(1):52-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jsams.2006.05.008. Epub 2006 Jul 7.

Abstract

Objective: Achilles tendinopathy is prevalent in athletes, but can also affect sedentary patients. We studied the effects of eccentric exercises in sedentary non-athletic patients with Achilles tendinopathy.

Methods: Thirty-four sedentary patients (18 males, average age 44 years, range 23-67; 16 females, average age 51 years, range 20-76; average BMI: 28.6+/-4.7, range 22.1-35.4) with a clinical diagnosis of unilateral tendinopathy of the main body of the Achilles tendon completed the VISA-A questionnaire at first attendance (39+/-S.D. 22.8) and at their subsequent visits. The patients underwent a graded progressive eccentric calf strengthening exercises programme for 12 weeks.

Results: Fifteen patients (44%) did not improve with eccentric exercise regimen. Three patients improved after perintendinous injections aprotinin and local anaesthetic. Surgery was performed in seven patients as 6 months of conservative management failed to produce improvements. The overall average VISA-A scores at latest follow up was 50 (S.D. 26.5).

Conclusions: Eccentric exercises, though effective in nearly 60% of our patients, may not benefit sedentary patients to the same extent reported in athletes.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Achilles Tendon / physiopathology*
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Anesthetics, Local / therapeutic use
  • Aprotinin / therapeutic use
  • Exercise Therapy / methods*
  • Female
  • Health Behavior
  • Hemostatics / therapeutic use
  • Humans
  • Injections
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Muscle, Skeletal / physiology*
  • Prospective Studies
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Tendinopathy / physiopathology
  • Tendinopathy / therapy*
  • Treatment Outcome

Substances

  • Anesthetics, Local
  • Hemostatics
  • Aprotinin