Intrusion of the mandibular condyle into the middle cranial fossa: case report and review of the literature

Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2006 Jul;102(1):e4-7. doi: 10.1016/j.tripleo.2006.02.004. Epub 2006 May 11.


Objectives: To describe a case of mandibular condyle intrusion into the middle cranial fossa in a young child and to systematically review the literature pertaining to this condition.

Study design: The diagnostic procedures comprised clinical examination, health history, and both magnetic resonance imaging and computerized tomography. A systematic review of the literature from PubMed, Medline, and Web of Science databases from 1960 to 2005 was made and a total of 55 cases in 51 references were found, of which 36 were described in detail.

Conclusions: Prompt diagnosis of mandibular condyle intrusion into the middle cranial fossa is essential to minimize complications. Advanced imaging modalities of computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging are indicated.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Review
  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • Accidents, Traffic
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cranial Fossa, Middle / pathology*
  • Facial Asymmetry / etiology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Joint Dislocations / pathology
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Malocclusion / etiology
  • Mandibular Condyle / pathology*
  • Mandibular Injuries / complications
  • Mandibular Injuries / pathology*
  • Range of Motion, Articular
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed