Angiotensin-I-converting enzyme activity in idiopathic respiratory distress syndrome of the newborn infant and in experimental alveolar hypoxia in mice

J Pediatr. 1975 Jul;87(1):97-101. doi: 10.1016/s0022-3476(75)80081-3.


Serum angiotensin-I-converting enzyme activity was found to be elevated in infants with idiopathic respiratory distress syndrome when compared with healthy premature infants, normal infants, and acutely ill full-term infants. Serum and lung CE activity has been found to be elevated in mice exposed to hypobaric alveolar hypoxia which also stimulated renal renin production. These findings suggest that alveolar hypoxia stimulates the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system and this system may be involved in the response to the stress of IRDS.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Age Factors
  • Animals
  • Birth Weight
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hypoxia / enzymology*
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Juxtaglomerular Apparatus / physiopathology
  • Lung / enzymology*
  • Lung / pathology
  • Mice
  • Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A / analysis
  • Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A / blood*
  • Renin / blood
  • Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn / blood
  • Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn / enzymology*


  • Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A
  • Renin