Influence of platelet size on outcome after myocardial infarction

Lancet. 1991 Dec 7;338(8780):1409-11. doi: 10.1016/0140-6736(91)92719-i.


Although platelet characteristics have an important influence on ischaemic heart disease, the nature of the association of platelet size and platelet count with death and reinfarction after an index heart attack is unknown. Mean platelet volume (MPV), a determinant of platelet reactivity, was measured in 1716 men six months after myocardial infarction (MI). Deaths and recurrent ischaemic heart disease events were then assessed at two years. MPV was greater in 126 men who had a further ischaemic event (fatal or non-fatal) than in the 1590 men who had no further MI (p less than 0.001). In addition, the MPV was larger in men who died than in those who did not (p less than 0.001). There was no difference in platelet count between these groups. When analysed by quartiles, consistent trends of increasing age-adjusted relative odds of death and recurrent ischaemic events were noted for MPV. MPV did not correlate with known ischaemic heart disease risk factors such as blood pressure, blood lipids, fibrinogen, white cell count, or plasma viscosity. We believe that MPV is a further independent risk factor for recurrent MI.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Multicenter Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Blood Viscosity
  • Blood Volume*
  • Fibrinogen / analysis
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Glycated Hemoglobin / analysis
  • Humans
  • Leukocyte Count
  • Male
  • Megakaryocytes / pathology
  • Myocardial Infarction / mortality
  • Myocardial Infarction / physiopathology*
  • Platelet Count*
  • Prognosis
  • Recurrence
  • Risk Factors
  • Time Factors


  • Glycated Hemoglobin A
  • Fibrinogen