Modeling chromosomes in mouse to explore the function of genes, genomic disorders, and chromosomal organization

PLoS Genet. 2006 Jul;2(7):e86. doi: 10.1371/journal.pgen.0020086.


One of the challenges of genomic research after the completion of the human genome project is to assign a function to all the genes and to understand their interactions and organizations. Among the various techniques, the emergence of chromosome engineering tools with the aim to manipulate large genomic regions in the mouse model offers a powerful way to accelerate the discovery of gene functions and provides more mouse models to study normal and pathological developmental processes associated with aneuploidy. The combination of gene targeting in ES cells, recombinase technology, and other techniques makes it possible to generate new chromosomes carrying specific and defined deletions, duplications, inversions, and translocations that are accelerating functional analysis. This review presents the current status of chromosome engineering techniques and discusses the different applications as well as the implication of these new techniques in future research to better understand the function of chromosomal organization and structures.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Aneuploidy
  • Animals
  • Chromosomes / ultrastructure*
  • Embryo, Mammalian / cytology*
  • Gene Targeting
  • Genetic Engineering
  • Genomics / methods*
  • Humans
  • Mice
  • Models, Genetic
  • Recombination, Genetic
  • Stem Cells / cytology*