A molecular phylogenetic analysis of strombid gastropod morphological diversity

Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2006 Nov;41(2):436-44. doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2006.05.027. Epub 2006 Jun 3.


The shells of strombid gastropods show a wide variety of forms, ranging from small and fusiform to large and elaborately ornamented with a strongly flared outer lip. Here, we present the first species-level molecular phylogeny for strombids and use the resulting phylogenetic framework to explore relationships between species richness and morphological diversity. We use portions of one nuclear (325 bp of histone H3) and one mitochondrial (640 bp of cytochrome oxidase I, COI) gene to infer relationships within the two most species-rich genera in the Strombidae: Strombus and Lambis. We include 32 species of Strombus, representing 10 of 11 extant subgenera, and 3 of the 9 species of Lambis, representing 2 of 3 extant subgenera. Maximum likelihood and Bayesian analyses of COI and of H3 and COI combined suggest Lambis is nested within a paraphyletic Strombus. Eastern Pacific and western Atlantic species of Strombus form a relatively recent monophyletic radiation within an older, paraphyletic Indo-West Pacific grade. Morphological diversity of subclades scales positively with species richness but does not show evidence of strong phylogenetic constraints.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Electron Transport Complex IV / genetics
  • Evolution, Molecular*
  • Gastropoda / classification
  • Gastropoda / genetics*
  • Genes, Mitochondrial
  • Histones / genetics
  • Phylogeny*
  • Sequence Alignment


  • Histones
  • Electron Transport Complex IV