GC-Profile: a web-based tool for visualizing and analyzing the variation of GC content in genomic sequences

Nucleic Acids Res. 2006 Jul 1;34(Web Server issue):W686-91. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkl040.


In order to understand the evolution, structure and function of genomes, it is important to know the general compositional features of DNA sequences. Based on the quadratic divergence, a new segmentation algorithm to partition a given genome or DNA sequence into compositionally distinct domains has been put forward. With the aid of the technique of cumulative GC profile, the distribution of segmentation points can be displayed intuitively. We have therefore developed them into GC-Profile, an interactive web-based software system, which can be used to segment prokaryotic and eukaryotic genomes. GC-Profile provides a quantitative and qualitative view of genome organization. Based on the obtained results, the relationships between the G+C content and other genomic features, such as distributions of genes and CpG islands, can be analyzed in a perceivable manner. It shows that GC-Profile would be an appropriate starting point for analyzing the isochore structure of higher eukaryotic genomes, and an intuitive tool for identifying genomic islands in prokaryotic genomes. GC-Profile is freely available at the website http://tubic.tju.edu.cn/GC-Profile/. In addition, precompiled binaries, together with examples and documentation, can also be freely downloaded for a local execution.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Algorithms
  • Animals
  • Base Composition
  • Chickens / genetics
  • Computer Graphics
  • CpG Islands
  • Cytosine / analysis*
  • Genome, Archaeal
  • Genome, Bacterial
  • Genomic Islands
  • Genomics / methods*
  • Guanine / analysis*
  • Internet
  • Isochores
  • Software*
  • User-Computer Interface


  • Isochores
  • Guanine
  • Cytosine