Long term results of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with iliotibial tract: 6-, 13-, and 24-year longitudinal follow-up

Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2006 Nov;14(11):1094-100. doi: 10.1007/s00167-006-0129-3. Epub 2006 Jul 15.


Many studies have reported successful outcomes less than 10 years after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. However, longer-term outcomes have not been analyzed. We assessd outcomes 24 years after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with iliotibial tract and compared them with shorter-term results in the same patients. Between 1979 and 1981, 45 patients underwent combined intra- and extra-articular ACL reconstruction with iliotibial tract. Follow-up evaluations of these patients were performed at 6, 13, and 24 years after surgery, which included manual and instrumental laxity testing, functional assessments, and radiography. Twenty-six (60%) patients of the original ACL reconstruction cohort participated in all three follow-up assessments. Three patients had undergone meniscectomy prior to ACL reconstruction and 18 underwent meniscectomy together with ACL reconstruction. Eleven patients underwent subsequent meniscectomy. The mean Lysholm score was 96.2, 93.8, and 87.8 at 6-, 13-, and 24-year follow-up, respectively. A significant decrease in mean Lysholm score was found between 13- and 24-year follow-up. The mean KT-1000 side-to-side difference was 3.5 mm at 24-year follow-up. Overall knee laxity did not change significantly during the follow-up period. At 24-year follow-up, 17 (71%) patients had moderate or severe degenerative changes on radiographs although about 50% of the patients participated in regular sports activities and no patient required regular clinical intervention.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Anterior Cruciate Ligament / surgery*
  • Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries
  • Cohort Studies
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Joint Instability / etiology
  • Joint Instability / pathology
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Orthopedic Procedures / methods
  • Reoperation
  • Rupture / surgery
  • Thigh / surgery*
  • Tibia / surgery*
  • Time Factors
  • Treatment Outcome