Cytogenetic and molecular analysis of a de novo tandem duplication of chromosome 21

Hum Genet. 1991 Dec;88(2):167-74. doi: 10.1007/BF00206066.


We have characterised by cytogenetic and molecular analysis a de novo tandem duplication of chromosome 21. High resolution chromosome examination of lymphocytes revealed the following karyotype in 90% of the cells: 46,XY,dir dup (21)(pter----q22.300::q11.205----qter). Of these cells, 10% showed a normal karyotype. Gene dosage of chromosome 21 sequences by a slot blot method indicated that the duplication extends from D21S16 to D21S55. In situ hybridization with probes close to the borders of the duplicated segment confirmed the gene dosage data and gave results consistent with a true tandem duplication of chromosome 21. Pulsed field gel electrophoresis of the patient's DNA showed an abnormal restriction band common to D21S55 and D21S16, confirming that the junction point between the two homologous parts of the tandem chromosome brings these two sequences into proximity. Restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis indicated that the abnormal chromosome was maternal in origin and that the rearrangement of chromosome 21 could not have occurred at a post-zygotic stage of development but resulted from a recombination event during maternal gametogenesis. The possible mechanisms of formation of the abnormal chromosome are discussed, as is the presence of cells with normal chromosomes 21, in the patient.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Alleles
  • Child
  • Chromosome Aberrations*
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 21*
  • DNA Restriction Enzymes
  • Electrophoresis, Gel, Pulsed-Field
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mosaicism / genetics
  • Nucleic Acid Hybridization
  • Oogenesis / genetics
  • Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length*
  • Recombination, Genetic


  • DNA Restriction Enzymes