Increase in obstacles to abortion: the American perspective in 2004

J Am Med Womens Assoc (1972). 2005 Winter;60(1):16-25.


This paper summarizes the barriers to abortion in the United States, including the determination of viability, cost and insurance coverage, waiting periods and parental consent laws, restrictions on medical abortion, provider unavailability, harassment, targeted regulation of abortion providers laws, refusal clauses, anti choice laws, and the fetal legal rights movement. Federally subsidized abstinence-only sex education, which has not been shown to decrease the rate of unintended pregnancy (and may increase it), has expanded and access to a full range of contraceptive options has been limited. The policies of the current and past administrations have strengthened barriers to abortion both at home and abroad. Preserving women's right to choose will require improved public and professional education, legislative and legal efforts, and advocacy by physicians and other health care professionals.

MeSH terms

  • Abortion, Legal / legislation & jurisprudence*
  • Abortion, Legal / trends
  • Female
  • Fetal Viability
  • Health Policy / trends*
  • Health Services Accessibility / legislation & jurisprudence*
  • Health Services Accessibility / trends
  • Humans
  • Insurance Coverage
  • Parental Consent
  • Pregnancy
  • Refusal to Treat
  • United States
  • Women's Rights / legislation & jurisprudence*
  • Women's Rights / trends