Reliability and validity of the sexual pressure scale

Res Nurs Health. 2006 Aug;29(4):281-93. doi: 10.1002/nur.20142.


The purpose of this study was to develop the Sexual Pressure Scale (SPS) as a valid and reliable measure of gender stereotypical expectations to engage in sexual behavior. Data were collected using audio computer-assisted self-interview in 306 urban women, aged 18 to 29. Exploratory principal components analysis with varimax rotation yielded 19 items consisting of five factors: Condom Fear, Sexual Coercion, Women's Sex Role, Men Expect Sex, and Show Trust, accounting for 62% of the variance. Divergent and convergent validity were supported, respectively, by negative relationships of SPS factors with dyadic trust and positive relationships with sexual victimization and sexual risk behavior. Alpha reliability was .81; factor reliabilities ranged from .63 to .82. A valid assessment of sexual pressure can suggest the extent to which stereotypical gender expectations structure women's freedom to explore partner and condom use choices.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Attitude*
  • Condoms / statistics & numerical data
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Interviews as Topic
  • Regression Analysis
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Risk-Taking
  • Sexual Behavior / psychology*
  • Stereotyped Behavior
  • Women's Health*