Tuberculosis case finding and preventive therapy in an HIV voluntary counseling and testing center in Uganda

Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2006 Jul;10(7):761-7.


Setting: A large, urban human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) center in Kampala, Uganda.

Objective: Tuberculosis (TB) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in persons with HIV infection in sub-Saharan Africa. Intensified TB case finding and use of isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT) for latent infection reduces the burden of TB, but few programs have been implemented due to concerns about feasibility.

Design: Retrospective evaluation of a TB case finding and IPT program.

Results: Over a 25-month period, 6305 patients newly diagnosed with HIV infection underwent evaluation: 293 (5%) had TB disease; 1955 (37%) patients were not eligible for preventive therapy because they lived > 20 km away, had advanced HIV disease, or had previously had TB. Of 3366 who had a tuberculin skin test (TST) placed, 2548 (76%) had the TST read; 894 (35%) of these were positive. Of 506 persons who started treatment, 335 (66%) completed it.

Conclusion: This unique program was feasible, detected a high proportion of undiagnosed TB, and successfully treated persons with latent infection. Expanding access to HIV VCT as well as collaboration between HIV/ AIDS and TB programs can increase the proportion of HIV-infected persons who can benefit from these programs.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Chi-Square Distribution
  • Counseling*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Tuberculosis / diagnosis*
  • Tuberculosis / epidemiology
  • Tuberculosis / prevention & control*
  • Uganda / epidemiology