Characterization of lithium alkyl carbonates by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy: experimental and theoretical study

J Phys Chem B. 2005 Aug 25;109(33):15868-75. doi: 10.1021/jp051626k.

Abstract

Lithium alkyl carbonates ROCO2Li result from the reductive decomposition of dialkyl carbonates, which are the organic solvents used in the electrolytes of common lithium-ion batteries. They play a crucial role in the formation of surface layers at the electrode/electrolyte interfaces. In this work, we report on the X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) characterization of synthesized lithium methyl and ethyl carbonates. Using Hartree-Fock ab initio calculations, we interpret and simulate the valence spectra of both samples, as well as several other Li alkyl carbonates involved in Li-ion batteries. We show that Li alkyl carbonates can be identified at the electrode's surface by a combined analysis of XPS core peaks and valence spectra.