Development of short and very short forms of the Children's Behavior Questionnaire

J Pers Assess. 2006 Aug;87(1):102-12. doi: 10.1207/s15327752jpa8701_09.


Using data from 468 parents and taking into account internal consistency, breadth of item content, within-scale factor analysis, and patterns of missing data, we developed short (94 items, 15 scales) and very short (36 items, 3 broad scales) forms of the Children's Behavior Questionnaire (CBQ; Rothbart, Ahadi, & Hershey, 1994; Rothbart, Ahadi, Hershey, & Fisher, 2001), a well-established parent-report measure of temperament for children aged 3 to 8 years. We subsequently evaluated the forms with data from 1,189 participants. In mid/high-income and White samples, the CBQ short and very short forms demonstrated both satisfactory internal consistency and criterion validity, and exhibited longitudinal stability and cross-informant agreement comparable to that of the standard CBQ. Internal consistency was somewhat lower among African American and low-income samples for some scales. Very short form scales demonstrated acceptable internal consistency for all samples, and confirmatory factor analyses indicated marginal fit of the very short form items to a three-factor model.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Black People / psychology
  • Child
  • Child Behavior*
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Individuality
  • Infant
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Personality Assessment / statistics & numerical data*
  • Poverty / psychology
  • Psychometrics / statistics & numerical data
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Temperament*
  • White People / psychology