Purpose: To analyse the anatomical and functional outcome of surgery for primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) in highly myopic eyes.
Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 111 high myopic patients (111 eyes) with primary RRD treated by scleral buckling or pars plana vitrectomy in a tertiary referral university hospital. The postoperative retinal status and best-corrected visual acuity were recorded. Risk factors including age, refractive error, duration of retinal detachment, preoperative visual acuity, extent of detachment, and intraoperative and postoperative complications were evaluated. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to determine the independent correlation of each variable on anatomical and functional outcome.
Results: Primary surgery resulting in retinal reattachment was achieved in 96 (86.5%) eyes with more than 6 months follow-up (range, 6-60 months). Sixty-eight (61.3%) eyes had postoperative corrected visual acuity 20/50 or more. Postoperative complications in high myopic eyes were variable, and the most common was cataract progression (19.8%). Upon multiple logistic regression analysis, young patients had significantly better anatomical outcome, although the variables including less refraction error, better preoperative visual acuity, scleral buckling procedure, and less surgical intervention showed better functional outcome in our series.
Conclusions: The anatomical outcome of surgery for primary RRD in highly myopic eyes was favourable, and young patients tended to have a higher success rate. Functional outcome was significantly correlated with refractive error, preoperative visual acuity, surgical procedure, and number of vitreoretinal surgery.