The epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor (EGFR) plays an important role in the growth and progression of breast cancer. Overexpression of EGFR or the high activity of EGFR signal pathway has been related with increases in cell proliferation and a poor prognosis in patients with breast cancer. Several human breast cancer cell lines depend on estrogen for their proliferation. EGF may bypass the requirement of estrogen for the proliferation of breast cancer cells. To evaluate this hypothesis, MCF-7 breast cancer cells were stimulated with EGF and the effects on cell proliferation, signal pathways, and cell cycle progression were determined. The results demonstrate that EGF stimulation in the absence of others growth factors induced a modest effect on cell proliferation and the induction of a cellular arrest in the G(1) phase of the cell cycle. Although phosphorylation of AKT and ERK proteins were detected, this phosphorylation was insufficient to support of cell cycle progression. Cellular arrest in G(1) phase was accompanied by an increase in p21(CIP1) protein, down regulation of the BCL-2 protein, induction of caspase-8, and ARHI/NOEY2 an imprinted tumor suppressor gene. These results indicate that EGFR activation by itself is not sufficient for the proliferation of breast cancer cells and suggest the existence of a mechanism that induces apoptosis upon EGFR activation.