Heterozygous CYP1B1 gene mutations in Spanish patients with primary open-angle glaucoma

Mol Vis. 2006 Jul 11:12:748-55.


Purpose: To investigate CYP1B1 gene mutations in Spanish patients with ocular hypertension (OHT) or primary open angle glaucoma (POAG).

Methods: The two coding exons of CYP1B1 were screened for sequence alterations by direct PCR DNA sequencing in 37 and 82 unrelated Spanish subjects diagnosed with OHT and POAG, respectively. As a control we used a group of 93 subjects from whom OHT or glaucoma were ruled out.

Results: We found three different predicted amino acid substitutions (Ala189Pro, Ala330Ser, and Ala443Gly) in three (8.1%) OHT subjects, and seven different mutations (Ser28Trp, Gly61Glu, Tyr81Asn, Gln144His, Arg145Trp, Glu229Lys, and Val409Phe) in nine (10.9%) glaucoma patients. These sequence variations showed higher frequencies in cases than in controls (as recently reported in French patients). They are predicted to produce a significant change in the amino acid sequence and affect conserved regions of the protein. All these missense mutations were found as heterozygots. In addition, four of them have been previously found in PCG and/or POAG patients, whereas the other six mutations (Ser28Trp, Gln144His, Arg145Trp, Ala189Pro, Ala330Ser, and Val409Phe) have not been previously described. Clinically, these mutations are associated with an age at diagnosis ranging from 12 to 58 years (mean 34.3 years) and from 48 to 77 years (mean 59.9 years) among OHT and glaucoma patients, respectively.

Conclusions: Heterozygous CYP1B1 mutations could confer increased susceptibility to the development of POAG in the Spanish population.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Amino Acid Substitution
  • Aryl Hydrocarbon Hydroxylases
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Conserved Sequence
  • Cytochrome P-450 CYP1B1
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System / genetics*
  • Female
  • Gene Frequency
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease*
  • Genotype
  • Glaucoma, Open-Angle / genetics*
  • Heterozygote*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Mutation*
  • Mutation, Missense
  • Ocular Hypertension / genetics*
  • Phenotype
  • Spain


  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System
  • Aryl Hydrocarbon Hydroxylases
  • CYP1B1 protein, human
  • Cytochrome P-450 CYP1B1