Optimal probing of optical contrast of breast lesions of different size located at different depths by US localization

Technol Cancer Res Treat. 2006 Aug;5(4):365-80. doi: 10.1177/153303460600500408.


We report a frequency domain optical tomography system utilizing three RF modulation frequencies, which are optimized for probing breast lesions of different size located at different depths. A real-time co-registered ultrasound scanner is used to provide on-site estimation of lesion size and location. Based on the lesion information, an optimal light modulation frequency can be selected, which may yield more accurate estimates of lesion angiogenesis and hypoxia. Phantom experiments have demonstrated that a high modulation frequency, such as 350Mhz, is preferable for probing small lesions closer to the surface while a low modulation frequency, such as 50Mhz, is desirable for imaging deeper and larger lesions. A clinical example of a large invasive carcinoma is presented to demonstrate the application of this novel technique.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Algorithms
  • Breast / pathology
  • Breast Neoplasms / diagnosis*
  • Breast Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Carcinoma / diagnosis*
  • Carcinoma / pathology*
  • Equipment Design
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hypoxia
  • Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted / methods
  • Middle Aged
  • Models, Statistical
  • Neovascularization, Pathologic
  • Phantoms, Imaging
  • Software
  • Ultrasonography / methods*