Geriatric Resources for Assessment and Care of Elders (GRACE): a new model of primary care for low-income seniors

J Am Geriatr Soc. 2006 Jul;54(7):1136-41. doi: 10.1111/j.1532-5415.2006.00791.x.


The majority of older adults receive health care in primary care settings, yet many fail to receive the recommended standard of care for preventive services, chronic disease management, and geriatric syndromes. The Geriatric Resources for Assessment and Care of Elders (GRACE) model of primary care for low-income seniors and their primary care physicians (PCPs) was developed to improve the quality of geriatric care so as to optimize health and functional status, decrease excess healthcare use, and prevent long-term nursing home placement. The catalyst for the GRACE intervention is the GRACE support team, consisting of a nurse practitioner and a social worker. Upon enrollment, the GRACE support team meets with the patient in the home to conduct an initial comprehensive geriatric assessment. The support team then meets with the larger GRACE interdisciplinary team (including a geriatrician, pharmacist, physical therapist, mental health social worker, and community-based services liaison) to develop an individualized care plan including activation of GRACE protocols for evaluating and managing common geriatric conditions. The GRACE support team then meets with the patient's PCP to discuss and modify the plan. Collaborating with the PCP, and consistent with the patient's goals, the support team then implements the plan. With the support of an electronic medical record and longitudinal tracking system, the GRACE support team provides ongoing care management and coordination of care across multiple geriatric syndromes, providers, and sites of care. The effectiveness of the GRACE intervention is being evaluated in a randomized, controlled trial.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Disease Management
  • Female
  • Geriatric Assessment / methods*
  • Humans
  • Indiana
  • Male
  • Models, Organizational
  • Patient Care Team / organization & administration*
  • Poverty*
  • Primary Health Care / economics
  • Primary Health Care / organization & administration*
  • Process Assessment, Health Care
  • Program Development