The very obese woman and the very old woman: tension-free vaginal tape for the treatment of stress urinary incontinence

Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct. 2007 Apr;18(4):423-9. doi: 10.1007/s00192-006-0162-2. Epub 2006 Jul 26.

Abstract

A mailed questionnaire was sent to 970 consecutive women who underwent a tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) procedure between 1995 and 2001 at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology in Falun Hospital. Seven hundred and sixty (78.4%) women responded. The outcome was compared between women older than 75 years (n=113) and younger women, and between women with a body mass index (BMI) above 35 (n=61) and those who had normal weight. Mean follow-up was 5.7 years. Thirty-six elderly women and one of the obese women were deceased at the long-term follow-up. TVT was easy to perform and was a safe procedure for women in all groups. There was a sharp decrease in cure rate of any urinary incontinence problems among women aged 75 years or more (55.7%), as compared to those who were younger (79.7%). The cure rate moderately decreased from BMI groups 19-24 to 30-34. BMI > or =35 seemed to be the best explanatory cutoff level. The overall cure rate in women of normal weight was 81.2%, as compared to 52.1% in the very obese. The cure rate for urinary incontinence with tension-free vaginal tape in women above 75 years of age and in women with a BMI above 35 was acceptable, but lower as compared to the remaining study population.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Body Mass Index
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Obesity / complications*
  • Suburethral Slings*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Time Factors
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Urinary Incontinence, Stress / complications
  • Urinary Incontinence, Stress / surgery*
  • Urologic Surgical Procedures / adverse effects*