Dominant A1: angiographic and clinical correlations with anterior communicating artery aneurysms

Neurol Res. 1991 Dec;13(4):253-6. doi: 10.1080/01616412.1991.11740001.


It has been observed but never proven that anomalies of the anterior communicating artery complex are associated with anterior communicating artery aneurysms (ACAA). Therefore, in an effort to understand the significance of haemodynamic factors in the genesis, as well as the clinical course of ACAA, we evaluated the correlation between certain angiographic patterns of flow in the anterior circulation and the clinical findings of 51 patients with ACAA compared with 50 matched controls. Four significant associations which have never been validated were identified: 1) a dominant A1 (filling both A2's) was found in 57% of ACAA patients versus 14% of controls (p less than 0.001). 2) Unilateral hypoplasia of the opposite A1 was present in 24% of ACAA patients versus 6% of controls (p = 0.01). 3) Exclusive filling of the ACAA from one A1 occurred in 78%. 4) No statistically significant relationship was found between the anatomic flow patterns studied and the patients clinical presentation including age, sex, or grade. We conclude that anterior communicating artery aneurysms are significantly related in a majority of patients with the presence of a dominant A1, probably as the result of enhanced haemodynamic stress caused by this anatomic abnormality in the circulation. However, this association is not constant, and a dominant pattern of flow did not correlate with the clinical course. This is probably a reflection of the differences between factors initiating aneurysm formation and those influencing its growth, as well as of the relative limitations of angiography when pathophysiological extrapolations are attempted.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Cerebral Angiography
  • Child
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Intracranial Aneurysm / diagnosis*
  • Intracranial Aneurysm / diagnostic imaging
  • Male
  • Middle Aged