A shoulder pain is one of the most frequent disorders that obliged patients to visit orthopedic practices. A conservative treatment is based on special kind exercises accompanying by physical procedures. The aim of this study is making closer rules and effects of low temperatures in treatment of shoulder pain. Additionally introducing differenties between cold and cryotherapy. In practice we used temperatures higher than -100 degrees Celsius which are called cold-therapy and offers pain reducing, lower level of metabolism and slower velocity of pathologic reactions in damaged area. On the other hand we used temperatures lower than -100 degrees Celsius (cryotherapy) where the reflector hyperemia reaction exists and particularly analgesic effect is present. Both procedures are useful in a conservative treatment of shoulder pain.