Objective: To determine the overall survival and relative effect of multiple prognostic variables in cohorts of patients with advanced-stage ovarian cancer treated with platinum-based neoadjuvant chemotherapy in lieu of primary cytoreductive surgery.
Methods: Twenty-two cohorts of patients with Stage III and IV ovarian cancer (835 patients) were identified from articles in MEDLINE (1989-2005). Linear regression models, with weighted correlation calculations, were used to assess the effect on median survival time of the proportion of each cohort undergoing maximum interval cytoreduction, proportion of patients with Stage IV disease, median number of pre-operative chemotherapy cycles, median age, and year of publication.
Results: The mean weighted median overall survival time for all cohorts was 24.5 months. The weighted mean proportion of patients in each cohort undergoing maximal interval cytoreduction was 65.0%. Each 10% increase in maximal cytoreduction was associated with a 1.9 month increase in median survival time (p=0.027). Median overall survival was positively correlated with platinum-taxane chemotherapy (p<0.001) and increasing year of publication (p=0.004) and negatively correlated with the proportion of Stage IV disease (p=0.002). Each incremental increase in pre-operative chemotherapy cycles was associated with a decrease in median survival time of 4.1 months (p=0.046).
Conclusions: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy in lieu of primary cytoreduction is associated with inferior overall survival compared to initial surgery. Increasing percent maximal cytoreduction is positively associated with median cohort survival; however, the negative survival effect of increasing number of chemotherapy cycles prior to interval surgery suggests that definitive operative intervention should be undertaken as early in the treatment program as possible.