Hepatitis B: the pathway to recovery through treatment

Gastroenterol Clin North Am. 2006 Jun;35(2):425-61, x. doi: 10.1016/j.gtc.2006.03.002.


Hepatitis B is a major public health problem in the world today. Since 1985, the number of reported cases has declined as a direct result of universal immunization of neonates, vaccination of at-risk populations, lifestyle or behavioral changes in high-risk groups, refinements in the screening of blood donors, and the use of virally inactivated or genetically engineered products in patients with bleeding disorders. New and potent antiviral agents being developed and evaluated provide hope and optimism for those who are chronically infected with hepatitis B virus. Prevention remains the most effective strategy in the global management of hepatitis B virus. Universal immunization programs prevent hepatitis B virus transmission and circumvent acute and chronic infection.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adenine / analogs & derivatives
  • Adenine / therapeutic use
  • Antiviral Agents / therapeutic use
  • Drug Resistance, Viral
  • Guanine / analogs & derivatives
  • Guanine / therapeutic use
  • Hepatitis B / diagnosis
  • Hepatitis B / drug therapy*
  • Hepatitis B / pathology
  • Hepatitis B / virology
  • Hepatitis C, Chronic / drug therapy
  • Humans
  • Interferon-alpha / therapeutic use
  • Lamivudine / therapeutic use
  • Organophosphonates / therapeutic use
  • Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors / therapeutic use


  • Antiviral Agents
  • Interferon-alpha
  • Organophosphonates
  • Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
  • Lamivudine
  • entecavir
  • Guanine
  • Adenine
  • adefovir dipivoxil