To evaluate the effect of a combination of corticosteroid and beta-2 bronchodilator on acute, young, wheezing patients, a total of 80 patients, ages below 36 months who were hospitalized for this condition during the period November 1988 to March 1990 were studied. They were divided into three groups. Group A consisted of 29 cases, under 12 months old, and treated with hydrocortisone and procaterol; Group B included 23 cases, between 12 and 36 months old, treated as in Group A; Group C, of 28 cases younger than 12 months, received neither drug. The clinical severity scores for Group B were significantly more improved than Group A on days 4 and 5 (p less than 0.05 and p less than 0.05, respectively), and better than that of Group C on days 3, 4, and 5 (p less than 0.05, 0.005, and 0.05, respectively). No significant difference was found between Group A and C from days 1 to 5. The previous wheezy coughing episodes were significantly more frequent in Group B than in Groups A and C (p less than 0.05). Two-thirds of the quick responders to hydrocortisone and procaterol were 12 months old or older. The personal and family allergic history, serum IgE level, and total eosinophil count could not be used as parameter to predict responsiveness to the combined therapy of hydrocortisone and procaterol.