The hip joint: arthroscopic procedures and postoperative rehabilitation

J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2006 Jul;36(7):516-25. doi: 10.2519/jospt.2006.2138.


Recent technological improvements have resulted in a greater number of surgical options available for individuals with hip joint pathology. These options are particularly pertinent to the relatively younger and more active population. The diagnosis and treatment of acetabular labral tears have become topics of particular interest. Improvements in diagnostic capability and surgical technology have resulted in an increased number of arthroscopic procedures being performed to address acetabular labral tears and associated pathology. Associated conditions include capsular laxity, femoral-acetabular impingement, and chondral lesions. Arthroscopic techniques include labral tear resection, labral repair, capsular modification, osteoplasty, and microfracture procedures. Postoperative rehabilitation following arthroscopic procedures of the hip joint carries particular concerns regarding range of motion, weight-bearing precautions, and initiation of strength activities. Postoperative rehabilitation protocols that have been typically used for surgeries such as total hip arthroplasty are often not sufficient for the population of patients undergoing arthroscopic procedures of the hip joint. Postoperative rehabilitation should be based upon the principles of tissue healing as well as individual patient characteristics. As arthroscopic procedures to address acetabular labral tears and associated pathology evolve, physical therapists have the opportunity to play a significant role through the development of corresponding rehabilitation protocols.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip* / rehabilitation
  • Arthroscopy
  • Cartilage / injuries
  • Cartilage / surgery
  • Hip Injuries / rehabilitation*
  • Hip Injuries / surgery*
  • Hip Joint / pathology
  • Hip Joint / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Postoperative Period