Agility literature review: classifications, training and testing

J Sports Sci. 2006 Sep;24(9):919-32. doi: 10.1080/02640410500457109.


At present, no agreement on a precise definition of agility within the sports science community exists. The term is applied to a broad range of sport contexts, but with such great inconsistency, it further complicates our understanding of what trainable components may enhance agility. A new definition of agility is proposed: "a rapid whole-body movement with change of velocity or direction in response to a stimulus". Agility has relationships with trainable physical qualities such as strength, power and technique, as well as cognitive components such as visual-scanning techniques, visual-scanning speed and anticipation. Agility testing is generally confined to tests of physical components such as change of direction speed, or cognitive components such as anticipation and pattern recognition. New tests of agility that combine physical and cognitive measures are encouraged.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Acceleration
  • Anthropometry
  • Cognition / physiology
  • Humans
  • Leg / physiology
  • Movement / physiology*
  • Muscle Strength / physiology
  • Running / physiology
  • Sports / physiology*