Direct activation of GTP-binding regulatory proteins (G-proteins) by substance P and compound 48/80

FEBS Lett. 1990 Jan 1;259(2):260-2. doi: 10.1016/0014-5793(90)80023-c.


The neuropeptide substance P and the polyamine compound 48/80, both known to activate mast cell secretory processes, increased the rate of GTP S binding to G-proteins purified from calf brain (Go/Gi mixture). The GTPase activity of G-proteins was also increased by substance P and compound 48/80 in a dose-dependent and Mg2+-dependent way. These effects were similar to those of the wasp venom peptide mastoparan, another histamine releaser of rat peritoneal and human skin mast cells. This suggests that the secretory property of compound 48/80 and substance P is not due to a receptor-mediated process but, like mastoparan, results from a direct activation of G-proteins.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Brain / metabolism
  • Cattle
  • Cell Membrane / metabolism
  • GTP Phosphohydrolases / metabolism
  • GTP-Binding Proteins / isolation & purification
  • GTP-Binding Proteins / metabolism*
  • Guanosine 5'-O-(3-Thiotriphosphate)
  • Guanosine Triphosphate / analogs & derivatives
  • Guanosine Triphosphate / metabolism
  • Kinetics
  • Protein Binding
  • Substance P / pharmacology*
  • Thionucleotides / metabolism
  • p-Methoxy-N-methylphenethylamine / pharmacology*


  • Thionucleotides
  • Substance P
  • Guanosine 5'-O-(3-Thiotriphosphate)
  • p-Methoxy-N-methylphenethylamine
  • Guanosine Triphosphate
  • GTP Phosphohydrolases
  • GTP-Binding Proteins