Comparison of the post-antibiotic effect (PAE) induced by ceftizoxime, ceftriaxone, cefoxitin, ampicillin-sulbactam, and ticarcillin-clavulanate against selected isolates of Bacteroides fragilis and B. thetaiotaomicron

Anaerobe. 2002 Dec;8(6):295-9. doi: 10.1016/S1075-9964(03)00024-6.


The exposure of bacteria to various groups of antimicrobials at different concentrations can produce damage to the bacteria that persists even after removal of the antimicrobial agent. The post antibiotic effect (PAE) of beta-lactams on aerobic gram-negative bacilli is relatively short (<1 h), however, little information is available regarding anaerobic gram-negative bacilli. We studied the PAE of ceftizoxime, ampicillin-sulbactam, ticarcillin-clavulanate, cefoxitin, and ceftriaxone against strains of Bacteroides fragilis and B. thetaiotaomicron at antimicrobial concentrations 4x, 8x, and 16x the MIC values using colony count determinations of treated and untreated cultures. Against B. fragilis H931, ceftizoxime-induced PAE values were 2 h, 3 h 24 min, and 11 h 36 min at 4xMIC, 8xMIC, and 16xMIC while for the B. thetaiotaomicron isolates PAEs ranged from 2 h 27 min to 6 h 12 min at the same concentrations. Cefoxitin PAE values were 3 h 6 min and 2 h 18 min for the clinical isolates at 16xMIC and 3 h 24 min and 1 h 12 min against the laboratory strains at 16xMIC respectively, and for ceftriaxone 1 h 12 min and 5 h 12 min, respectively, for the B. thetaiotaomicron D933 and B. fragilis H931 strains at 16xMIC. With ampicillin-sulbactam, the longest PAE values were observed at 16xMIC with all the test isolates of B. fragilis and B. thetaiotaomicron. PAE values induced by ticarcillin-clavulanate overall were the shortest for the two clinical isolates. These studies indicate substantial PAE values for beta-lactams against selected anaerobes which may be an important factor in the dosing regimen of these test agents.