Reliability of Air Displacement Plethysmography in a Large, Heterogeneous Sample

Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2006 Aug;38(8):1505-9. doi: 10.1249/01.mss.0000228950.60097.01.

Abstract

Introduction: Several studies have assessed the validity of air displacement plethysmography (ADP), but few have assessed the reliability of ADP using a large, heterogeneous sample.

Purpose: This study was conducted to determine the reliability of ADP using the Bod Pod in a large, heterogeneous sample.

Methods: A total of 980 healthy men and women (30 +/- 15 yr, mean +/- SD) completed two body composition assessments separated by 15-30 min. All testing was done in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.

Results: A significant correlation (r = 0.992, P = 0.001) was found between body density (BD) 1 (1.046 +/- 0.001 kg.L(-1); mean +/- SEM) and BD 2 (1.046 +/- 0.001 kg.L(-1). A paired t-test revealed no significant difference between BD 1 and 2 (P = 0.935). The coefficient of variation (CV) for BD was 0.15%. A significant intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was found for BD (ICC = 0.996, P = 0.001), and the standard error of measurement (SEM) was 0.001 kg.L(-1). Body mass (BM) 1 and 2 were correlated significantly (r = 0.999, P = 0.001); however, a significant (P = 0.001) decrease was seen from BM 1 (75.510 +/- 0.461 kg) to BM 2 (75.497 +/- 0.461 kg). Body volume (BV) tended to decrease (P = 0.08) from BV 1 (69.900 +/- 0.449 L) to BV 2 (69.884 +/- 0.449 L).

Conclusion: ADP using the Bod Pod appears to assess BD reliably; however, the observed CV suggests that multiple trials are necessary to detect small treatment effects.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Absorptiometry, Photon
  • Adult
  • Body Composition*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Plethysmography / methods*
  • Reproducibility of Results