The HIV-1 encoded apoptogenic protein Vpr induces mitochondrial membrane permeabilization (MMP) via interactions with the voltage-dependent anion channel (VDAC) and the adenine nucleotide translocator (ANT). We have designed a peptide, TEAM-VP, composed of two functional domains, one a tumor blood vessel RGD-like 'homing' motif and the other an MMP-inducing sequence derived from Vpr. When added to isolated mitochondria, TEAM-VP interacts with ANT and VDAC, reduces oxygen consumption and overcomes Bcl-2 protection to cause inner and outer MMP. TEAM-VP specifically recognizes cell-surface expressed alpha(V)beta(3) integrins, internalizes, temporarily localizes to lysosomes and progressively co-distributes with the mitochondrial compartment with no sign of lysosomal membrane permeabilization. Finally TEAM-VP reaches mitochondria of angiogenic endothelial cells to induce mitochondrial fission, dissipation of the mitochondrial transmembrane potential (DeltaPsi(m)), cytochrome c release and apoptosis hallmarks. Hence, this chimeric peptide constitutes the first example of a virus-derived mitochondriotoxic compound as a candidate to kill selectively tumor neo-endothelia.