Shigella flexneri is the causative agent of most shigellosis cases in developing countries. We used different proteolytic enzymes to selectively shave the protruding proteins on the surface of purified bacterial membrane sheets or vesicles, and recovered peptides were subsequently identified using 2-D LC-MS/MS. As a result, a total of 666 proteins were unambiguously assigned, including 159 integral membrane proteins, 35 outer membrane proteins and 114 proteins previously annotated as hypothetical. The former had an average grand average hydrophobicity score of 0.362 and were predicted to separate within a pH range of 4.1-10.6 with molecular mass 8-148 kDa, which represents the largest validated set of integral membrane proteins in this organism to date. A functional classification revealed that a large proportion of the identified proteins were involved in cell envelope biogenesis and energy production and conversion. For the first time, this work provides a global view of the S. flexneri 2a membrane subproteome.